This hormone has a huge impact on men's health, its deficiency or excess is easily determined by external signs. What should be the hormonal indicators, how to bring them in line? Information will help maintain men's health at any age.
Raising the level of testosterone in a man to normal with the help of drugs and natural methods is an important task, the solution of which will help the proper functioning of the whole organism.
What is the level of testosterone in men
Sex hormone related to androgens is produced starting from the prenatal period. Testosterone plays a huge role in the body of a man, responsible for the functioning of the reproductive system, affecting all other functions.
The level of anabolic steroid is determined by blood tests, but its deviation is not difficult to identify by visible symptoms. By maintaining normal testosterone levels, you can:
- keep health for a long time;
- prolong sex life;
- postpone the onset of old age.
What affects testosterone in men
Every day, the body produces 5 to 7 mg of the hormone. This amount is enough for its normal functioning. The production of testosterone in men begins before birth and lasts a lifetime, changing its intensity depending on age, time of year and even days. In the process of synthesis of sex hormone involved:
- under the control of the hypothalamus and pituitary, Leydig cells located in the tissues of the testicles;
- mesh zone of the adrenal cortex.
Functions for which the hormone testosterone in men is responsible:
- anabolic - a steroid helps to increase muscle mass, bone density, the production of specific proteins in organs and glands;
- androgenic - the development of genitalia, the formation of secondary sexual characteristics, physique according to the male type;
- reproductive - provides potency, libido, erection, sperm production.
Due to the synthesis of sex hormone at a normal level, the following functions are carried out in the male body:
- Psychophysical - the appearance of a positive mood as a result of the production of endorphins. The development of aggression with increasing indicators, the mood to fight, a decrease in feelings of fear.
- Hematopoietic - effect on hematopoiesis - the process of development of blood cells, the production of erythropoietin by the kidneys.
Testosterone is common and free in men
Sex hormone in the body in structure consists of three components. Total testosterone has two related and free states. The first of them, when combined with other substances, travels through the bloodstream. These include:
- SHBG - testosterone associated with globulin;
- hormone containing non-specific albumin protein in the structure.
The strongest effect on the body is exerted by free testosterone - the biologically active component of the steroid sex hormone, which does not contain proteins. With the participation of enzymes, androstenedione, it forms dihydrotestosterone - the strongest of the sex hormones in men. This chemical affects:
- puberty boys;
- sexual attraction;
- the formation of the genitals, prostate;
- maintaining potency;
- regulation of sexual behavior.
The norm of testosterone in men
The hormone levels in the body are affected by many factors - lifestyle, food consumed, physical and psychological stress. But he himself determines the functioning of all systems.
It is important to know what is the norm in order to compare indicators to identify deviations in the direction of increase or decrease and diagnose diseases that are associated with this.
The values depend on the age of the man and are:
|The norm of testosterone, nmol / l|
|up to a year||0.42-071|
|from 1 to 7 years||0,1-0,11|
|from 13 to 18 years old||0.99-38.4|
|from 18 to 50||8.65-29|
|Over 50 years old||6.7-25.7|
The level of sex hormone is determined by examining venous blood. Before the analysis should be prepared in advance. Doctors prescribe a check if there are problems:
- decreased libido;
- erectile disfunction;
- increased cholesterol;
- impaired insulin production;
- adrenal tumors;
- long-term use of hormonal drugs.
A blood test helps to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment. Material is taken in the morning, on an empty stomach. In this case, you need to consider:
- in men, the highest levels of testosterone are observed from 4 to 8 in the morning;
- for two days you need to stop taking hormones;
- 12 hours before the study do not eat;
- 30 minutes before the start, do not smoke, remove physical activity, be calm.
Low testosterone in men
The decrease in the number of sex hormones is determined by external signs and test results. A low concentration of testosterone is considered a deviation from the norm in a smaller direction, taking into account the age of the man.
This situation requires adjustment, otherwise a hormonal imbalance leads to serious problems. Low testosterone in men provokes:
- decreased sperm viability;
- impotence development;
- arterial hypertension;
- heart attack.
Symptoms of Low Testosterone
When the level of sex hormone is below normal, this can be determined by the characteristic symptoms. In adolescence, there is slow growth, lack of development of the penis, scrotum, secondary sexual characteristics. In men with a lack of androgen appears:
- increased sweating;
- muscle weakness;
- breast growth;
- decreased erection;
- decrease in hairline growth;
- decreased sexual desire;
- weakening of clarity of mind;
- flushing of the face;
- feeling of heat.
A decrease in the level of sex hormone occurs as the body ages. A strong influence is exerted by diseases, smoking. Alcohol provokes the production of stress hormone, which blocks testosterone. The reason for the decrease in the level are:
- birth defect - the inability to convert testosterone to dihydrotestosterone;
- pituitary hormone deficiency;
- underdevelopment of the testicles;
- lack of physical activity;
- excess fat;
- zinc deficiency;
- heart disease
- taking hormonal drugs;
How to increase testosterone
You can increase the low level of the hormone by changing the diet, including foods containing zinc - meat, nuts, liver, fish. To solve the problem will help increase physical activity, training with weights. You can increase testosterone levels if:
- take vitamins;
- lead a regular sex life;
- get rid of bad habits;
- exclude the use of anabolic drugs;
- learn to relax;
- to lose weight;
- prevent genital injuries;
- limit the use of drugs containing estrogen, cortisol, insulin;
- use medication.
Drug therapy solves the problem of increasing androgen levels, but requires daily use - hormones should be received regularly. Medications to increase libido, testosterone, are used in several forms:
- Androderm patch - sticks to the body, releases the hormone gradually, you need to wear it for 20 hours, replace it with a new one;
- Androgel - applied to the surface of the shoulder, abdomen once a day, does not rub - you need to wait when it is absorbed;
- Andriol - tablets, for better absorption, take with fatty foods, quickly increase the amount of androgen in the blood.
How to increase testosterone in men in natural ways
The concentration of the hormone can be raised at home without the use of drugs. A man should change his lifestyle. Required:
- the use of natural tinctures of ginseng, eleutherococcus, golden root;
- normalization of sleep;
- a set of special exercises;
- watching films of explicit content;
- sugar restriction;
- prolonged exposure to the sun;
- positive mood;
- the exclusion of psychological overstrain;
- regular sex
- enjoyment of life;
- desire for victory.
Sources of Testosterone for Men
To increase the amount of hormone in the body, you need to eat healthy foods. Increase the secretion of products containing beneficial ingredients. For men's health, you need to apply:
- Minerals Zinc - seafood, pumpkin seeds, nuts. Selenium - kidneys, mushrooms, magnesium - cereals, legumes.
- Vitamins C, E, D, group B - berries, citrus fruits, vegetables, vitamin complexes.
- Fats as a source of cholesterol - the building material for testosterone - in balance with proteins, carbohydrates.
- Clean water - at least one and a half liters.
A safe way to adjust the level of sex hormone is to use traditional medicine. Compositions based on natural products, medicinal plants, help solve the problem of imbalance. Recommended:
- in the morning swallow a teaspoon of fenugreek seeds with water;
- drink tea with ginger several times a day;
- add lovage root to dishes;
- drink infusion of may nettle leaves in red wine.
An increase in the concentration of sex hormone changes the character of a man, making him aggressive, vicious. Athletes try to lift it artificially in order to build muscles, seem strong, sexy. This has a flip side, perhaps:
- the development of serious diseases;
- violation of the functions of the genitals;
- the emergence of psychological problems.
A high level of hormone in boys is manifested by early puberty, an increase in the penis, and a fragile voice. Men are characterized by a frequent change of mood, aggressiveness. Symptoms of high androgen are observed:
- prolonged erection;
- physical strength, endurance;
- increased libido;
- sexual intercourse with a large number of partners;
- developed muscles;
- excessive body hair;
- bald patches.
An increase in testosterone levels is caused in men by congenital dysfunction of the adrenal cortex. Hormonal imbalances are caused by genital tumors. The reason for the deviation from the norm in a big way is:
- taking drugs with anabolic effect - to build muscle;
- resistance to male sex hormones;
- early puberty;
- high blood insulin levels.
Increased levels of sex hormone can lead to serious problems. It is necessary to consult specialists in case of symptoms of its increase. A high concentration of androgen leads to the development of:
- prostate adenomas;
- impaired testicular function;
- urination problems;
- premature ejaculation;
- erectile dysfunction;
- prostate cancer;
- cardiovascular pathologies;
- bleeding disorders;
- memory impairment;
- mental disorders.
An increased concentration of the hormone during puberty does not require treatment. In the presence of tumors of the adrenal gland, pituitary gland, and testicles, hormone therapy or surgery is necessary. For the treatment of pathology recommend:
- exclude the use of steroid drugs;
- increase physical activity;
- sleep at least 7 hours;
- do not overwork;
- maintain a balance between work and rest;
- less nervous;
- eat more greens, meat;
- exclude sugar, fatty, salty foods;
- eat foods containing phytoestrogens - red grapes, soy, fish oil;
- take medicine as prescribed by your doctor.
The norm of testosterone in men: a table by age
Testosterone is perhaps the main sex hormone, the level of which every representative of the stronger sex should be closely monitored. The norm of testosterone in men in the blood is variable, the indicators vary under various circumstances. The patient’s age, weight and even addictions (excessive love for alcohol, nicotine and exhausting workouts) can affect its quantity.
The male body changes over time, natural age-related changes can affect the level of testosterone. But there are certain standards that help to identify and adjust the indicator.
The table below will help to identify deviations and evaluate the results:
|Population category||Total fraction, nmol / l||Free fraction, pg / ml|
|men aged 20-50||11-33||8.8-42.5|
|men over 50||not lower than 11||6.5-30.0|
|women aged 20-50||0.31-3.78||0-4.2|
|women 50-55 years old||0.42-4.51||0.1-1.7|
|pregnant women||the norm can be exceeded several times|
Normal testosterone in men changes throughout the day. Its blood level is unstable. Deviation may be due to time of day. The highest concentration in the blood reaches in the morning, decreases in the evening.
Why do hormone changes occur?
The rate of free testosterone in men can vary for several reasons. The following factors can affect it:
- Excessive love of alcohol and tobacco (bad habits will not benefit the body and lead to hormonal imbalance).
- Obesity - the indicator can directly depend on the weight of the man. Because fat produces estrogen, a female sex hormone that can lead to lower levels of androgen.
- Improper nutrition, lack of vitamins and minerals.
- Autoimmune diseases (disorders in the functioning of the immune system affect the level of the hormone in the blood).
- Stress or unstable psycho-emotional state of a man.
The norms of testosterone in men vary smoothly by age, this can be seen by examining the table. The indicator is kept within, but gradually decreases with age.
Changes begin from 30–35 years, the human body reacts to external factors, gradually wears out. Every year, androgen production is reduced by 2-3%. By 70–80 years, the indicator decreases by 5 times.
In the male body, testosterone is produced by the testes, partly the adrenal cortex is responsible for its production.
A woman may also encounter problems of a similar nature that arose against the background of a decrease or increase in the concentration of androgen in the blood.
An increase in the level of the hormone leads to the appearance of characteristic signs. A man with high testosterone can be identified by:
- characteristic physique (muscles are well developed);
- bald head (hair falls out gradually, but baldness develops quickly enough);
- to the hairy body (the hormone causes the hair to grow actively on the body, but fall out on the head);
- a change in the timbre of the voice (becoming coarser);
- a man is notable for inconstancy, often changes partners, prefers short-term relationships;
- hormone makes a person commit rash acts, take risks.
Symptoms of low testosterone:
- Decreased sexual activity.
- Impotence arising from a hormone imbalance.
- Weight gain or obesity.
- Osteoporosis (brittle bones).
- Frequent depression, mood swings.
- Insomnia or sleep disturbance.
- Weight problems are a typical female physique.
The symptoms may be blurry, often only one symptom is observed, and then it worries from time to time.
The table of testosterone levels shows acceptable indicators, if the hormone level decreases or rises, then close monitoring is necessary for it.
The effects of low and high testosterone
Deviations from the norm should not be ignored. This applies to both high and low levels of the hormone.
The indicator is increased, the consequences:
- liver problems may occur;
- oncological diseases (prostate cancer);
- acne (inflammation and blockage of the sebaceous glands, acne on the face and body);
- disturbances in the work of the heart and blood vessels;
- trouble sleeping
- frequent depression.
Studies have shown that hormonal imbalances lead to an enlarged prostate. Against this background, a tumor formation develops, which develops into oncology.
Supplements and medications can increase the level of free testosterone in the blood. If they are taken under the supervision of a specialist, then you should consult a doctor for treatment correction and a reduction in the dosage of the drug.
The indicator is lowered, the consequences:
- problems with the nervous system;
- arterial hypertension;
- problems with heart;
- obesity (pathological);
- erectile disfunction;
Do not associate the decline only with age. A similar phenomenon can be observed in men of reproductive age and even adolescents.
However, testosterone may decrease as a result of systematic overwork. Stress on the body leads to the development of chronic fatigue syndrome. Against the background of an imbalance of hormones, a person’s state changes, he feels a breakdown, suffers from depression and sleep problems. In this case, only adequate therapy will help to correct the situation.
How to determine the amount of hormone in the blood
External signs will help to recognize the imbalance. If a man has suspicions, then you need to contact a doctor for help.
As a diagnostic study, it is recommended to donate blood. It is noteworthy that analysis specifically for testosterone does not exist. There are a number of studies that help determine the concentration of the hormone in the blood, they are carried out if there are indications.
You will have to turn to an endocrinologist, but you can also visit an andrologist. The competence of these doctors are problems with hormones.
The highest concentration of the hormone in the blood in men is observed during puberty, aged 15 to 18 years. Then the indicator begins to decline. The processes take place so quickly that they are recommended to be monitored every month. If a young man had problems with testosterone during this period, then he will have to donate blood often.
Recommendations before passing the analysis:
- it is necessary not to eat food 8 hours before the delivery of biomaterial;
- observe sexual rest;
- stop drinking alcohol and smoking (2 days before blood donation);
- avoid physical exertion;
- do not be nervous;
- take biomaterial until 11 a.m.
If as a result of the study it was not possible to establish that the indicator is increased or decreased, then the analysis will have to be submitted again. In just 2-3 days, following the recommendations. It is likely that this will help to get a normal rate.
In men, hormone problems occur no less than in women. Do not forget about this, if there are signs of imbalance, then you need to see a doctor and take the biomaterial for analysis. It is advisable to do this once a year, to monitor performance.
If there is at least one sign of an imbalance of hormones in the body, then you should contact the doctor in an emergency. This will help to avoid complications and quickly fix the problem.
All about male testosterone levels
Testosterone is the most prominent representative of steroid hormones (androgens).
Many scientific and pseudo-scientific publications are devoted to him, and his role in the male body is one of the favorite topics of discussion among physicians, athletes, and even nutritionists.
Some believe that a high level of this hormone is the key to a full healthy life for every man, while others warn of his hidden "cunning".
What is "testosterone": general information and aspects of the effect on the male body
Testosterone is a specific chemical substance, sex hormone, which largely determines the quality of functioning of a man’s reproductive, nervous and cardiovascular systems.
It is synthesized mainly by the testes (Leydig cells), as well as the adrenal cortex. The main component of the molecule is cholesterol. From 4 to 12 g of the hormone is produced per day.
The intensity of production is regulated by substances secreted by the pituitary gland and hypothalamus.
All testosterone circulating in the blood (general) is divided into 2 types:
- Transported by transport proteins, 60% of which is unavailable due to its association with globulins. The rest - loosely coupled (with albumin) - has a certain bioavailability, participates in a number of regulatory processes (for example, prevents the deposition of fat, controls skin grease);
- Free (not associated with proteins) - is able to invade target cells and exert anabolic or androgenic effect on them. The amount of testosterone of this type does not exceed 4%, but it determines the formation of sexual characteristics and the degree of sexuality.
Of the free testosterone with the participation of the enzyme 5-alpha reductase (located in the seminal vesicles, skin and prostate), its most active form, dihydrotestosterone, is formed. Excess hormone provokes excessive greasiness of the skin, acne, hypertrophy of the prostate.
The norm of free testosterone in the blood in men (depending on age)
|Age||Values (level, norm)|
|pg / ml|
|11-17 years (concentration increases with age)||0.01-22.2|
|18-60 years old||4.5-42|
|61-90 years old||3.3-20.62|
|ng / dl|
|95 and older||2.29-7.91|
Aspects of the effects of testosterone on the male body:
- Responsible for the development and functioning of the testicles, penis, seminal vesicles and prostate gland.
- It takes a direct part in the formation of secondary sexual characteristics: an increase in muscle volume, hair growth, formation and compaction of bone tissue.
- It determines the mood, character, level of libido, fertility, voice timbre.
- It affects the metabolism of carbohydrates, cholesterol and lipids.
- Participates in the production of endorphins and insulin.
Men with high testosterone are more prone to aggression, uncontrolled outbreaks of anger, resentment. This effect of excess hormone often makes teenagers uncontrollable. Against the background of elevated androgens, it is easier for a man to conceive a child, but his further behavior in terms of care and education often leaves much to be desired.
As for the appearance, the androgenic type of men is characterized by an athletic type of figure, relief and responsive muscles, a low voice. They often have to deal with early signs of baldness, blackheads (especially on the face and back).
How can it hurt increased testosterone
In men with reduced testosterone, there is a tendency to accumulation, excessive thrift. History shows that the vast majority of eunuchs (castrates) were very prosperous.
Eunuchs were considered faithful servants and ideal schemers. They often became "gray cardinals" with high-ranking persons.
Men with genetically engineered low levels of testosterone (for example, the Japanese) have better taste buds, which makes them excellent tasters.
Outwardly, the low level of androgens is manifested by sagging muscles, a rounded abdomen against the background of an unexpressed shoulder girdle, and enlarged mammary glands (not necessary).
Regarding the connection between testosterone levels and baldness, experts still do not have a single opinion. Some believe that there is no direct correlation (according to the analysis of medical records of balding men), others see a direct negative effect of dihydrotestosterone on hair loss.
Factors that determine hormone levels
Testosterone levels can be lowered from birth (due to genetic characteristics or pathologies), but in most cases, external factors influence hormone synthesis:
- Physical exercise. Intensive training against a background of energy deficiency caused by a lack of nutrition and sleep leads to a decrease in the amount of the hormone. Moderate power loads with adequate replenishment of energy costs - contribute to its increase. Long exhausting aerobic training can temporarily reduce the level of male hormone by 2 times;
- Excess weight. The structure of the testosterone molecule is very similar to estrogen (an androgen antagonist) - the formulas differ in only one carbon atom. For this reason, male hormone is easily converted into female hormone under the influence of aromatase enzyme (actively produced by adipose tissue). The fuller the man, the more testosterone inhibitors in his body;
- Severe stresses, accompanied by a powerful release of cortisol, cause a short-term decrease in male hormone, and chronic anxiety suppresses its synthesis for a long time, which provokes androgen deficiency;
- Bad habits. Intoxication with tobacco smoke and alcohol leads to disruption of the functioning of the tissues of the testicles, as well as the liver, which is responsible for the deactivation of excess estrogen.
A decrease in testosterone is also observed with a number of pathologies:
- Cardiovascular diseases.
- Cirrhosis of the liver.
- Pathology of the testes, adrenal glands, pituitary gland or hypothalamus.
Often the cause of reduced testosterone is a lack of thyroid hormones (hypothyroidism). Normally, the activity of this body is regulated by the pituitary gland.
If the gland goes out of control due to the development of a tumor or other pathologies, then the pituitary gland begins to work "for wear", stimulating the synthesis of prolactin.
As a result, there is an imbalance in the direction of an increase in female hormones, which prevents the conversion of testosterone into an active form.
Some drugs also have an overwhelming effect on the production of male hormone, for example: drugs to lower blood pressure, diuretics, antidepressants, sleeping pills, antiandrogens.
Pathological excess of testosterone can be triggered by hyperthyroidism, steroid use, and tumors of the testes and adrenal glands. Frequent severe stresses can cause a stably high level of androgens (the body is constantly in a state of “alert”).
Testosterone levels are determined in the laboratory by analysis of venous blood. One of the most accurate methods is electrochemiluminescent immunoassay (ECLIA).
The unit of measurement is nanomol per liter (nmol / l) or nanomol per gram (nmol / g). Preparation for the procedure consists in refusing food and drinks (except water) before blood sampling.
Since the biomaterial is delivered in the morning (preferably up to 10 hours), the abstinence time will be 3-4 hours.
Diagnostic value is represented by total and free testosterone. The average norm of testosterone in men (the total amount of the hormone, provided there are no serious pathologies) is from 12 to 33 nmol / l, free - from 4.5 to 30.4 pg / ml (picograms per milliliter), bioactive - 3.5-12 nmol / L.
The free testosterone index is also measured, defined as the ratio of the amount of unbound hormone to the volume of circulating globulin. For men aged 20 to 50 years, the value of this indicator varies from 24.5 to 113.3%, after 50 - from 19.3 to 118.4%.
The test price for testosterone is from 600 r for determining the total amount of the hormone, from 1200 r for determining the level of free.
The rates of total testosterone used in clinics are shown in table 1.
Table 1. Reference values of total testosterone depending on the age category (nmol / L)
|Age||Lower limit of normal||Upper limit of normal|
|Children from 1 to 7 years old||0.1||1.12|
The scatter of values within adult age categories is quite large. This is due to differences in lifestyle, nutrition, health. The general trend of age-related changes in the amount of testosterone in men is shown in table 2.
Table 2. Change in testosterone levels with age
|Age||Level change (in%)|
|20-30||Peak hormone levels|
|40||1.5-3 (free testosterone)|
|After 50||0.5-1.6 (total testosterone)|
|60-70||The amount of hormone in free form is about 20% of the average level, which was 20 years old, in general form - 60%|
An important diagnostic role is also played by the pituitary hormones - LH (luteinizing hormone) and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone). The interpretation of the analyzes is shown in table 3.
Table 3. Determination of the hormonal profile based on the analysis of the level of testosterone, LH, FSH
|Testosterone total||LH and FSH||Interpretation of Results|
|Below normal||Norm||Normogonadotropic hypogonadism. Causes: Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, Hyperprolactinemia|
|Below normal||Below normal||Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Reasons: pathology of the pituitary gland, hypothalamus|
|Below normal||Above norm||Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism. Causes: underdevelopment or testicular disease|
|Above norm||Above norm||The presence of tumors synthesizing LH and FSH|
|Above norm||Below normal||The presence of tumors (testes or adrenal glands) that synthesize androgens|
The results of the studies should be interpreted by the doctor who prescribed the tests. Self-interpretation with the help of online services and attempts to correct the hormonal level can lead to irreparable consequences.
Before going to the doctor, you can independently take a test questionnaire on the level of testosterone at home or purchase an express test in a pharmacy (it is rare in free sale).
To diagnose a decrease in testosterone levels at home, there is the most popular questionnaire - ADAM (Androgen Deficiency in Aging Males questionnaire). It takes only 5-10 minutes to complete it.
It is possible to identify androgen deficiency by answering 10 short questions. For each, the answer is “yes” or “no”, after which you will see the result.
The test does not give 100% accuracy. Question number 5 with a positive answer most accurately describes a decrease in testosterone levels.
Methods for restoring the hormonal level depend on the diagnosis and the cause of the deviation.
You can increase low testosterone levels in the following ways:
- Stimulation of the synthesis of own androgens through the introduction of medications (chorionic gonadotropin);
- The introduction of external testosterone (hormone replacement therapy). The hormone deficiency can be filled with injectable, transdermal, sublingual (under the tongue) and oral types of drugs;
- Correction of the hormonal background through lifestyle changes (more moderate physical activity) and dietary review (less flour, fat and sweet, more fiber and protein).
The functioning of the gonads can be improved by taking vitamins to produce testosterone (A, D, C, E, Group B), zinc, selenium, and magnesium. Minor deviations of androgens from the norm are successfully corrected by dietary supplements based on amino acids, bitterness extracts, eurycoma, creeping Tribulus, ginseng. More detailed information on ways to increase testosterone.
Natural plant-based products (dietary supplements). "Tribulus" (extract of Tribulus terrestris); "Inter-S Tribulustan plus" (extracts of bitterness, ginger, fenugreek); “Icariin amino plus” (bitterness extract, amino acids); “Forskolin” (forskolia coleus extract).
Increased testosterone in addition to a negative effect on the appearance of a man can lead to testicular atrophy, cardiovascular pathologies, prostate adenoma, thrombosis. To normalize the amount of the hormone, antiandrogenic drugs (Finasteride, Carbamazepine) are prescribed.
With testosterone above the norm, you should refuse to take tonic supplements with icariin or tribulus, reduce the amount of protein in the diet (you can partially replace natural meat with soy).
Slightly lower the level of the hormone, reduce the degree of aggressiveness and excitability can tea with peppermint, infusion of flax seeds, licorice or hops.
The same degree of deviation of testosterone from the norm can affect men in different ways: some clearly feel problems with well-being, appearance and sex, others do not notice any significant changes in the quality of life.
Symptoms are largely determined by the cause of the excess or deficiency of the hormone, so a single blood test may not be informative.
If there are deviations, doctors prescribe a dynamic study of the level of various types of testosterone in order to exclude a temporary factor (stress, overwork, diet features, abstinence).
The norm of testosterone in men: low, high rate, treatment
Male sex hormones-androgens only work correctly when they are contained in the body in a certain amount. The norm of testosterone in men varies throughout life and depends on age.
By 18 years, the indicator reaches its maximum limits and remains at this level until 30 years. Then, every year, the amount of testosterone gradually decreases by 1-2%. In addition, there are many factors that reduce the androgen content in the male body.
What level of testosterone should a man be 30 years old or older, and how to determine that something is wrong in the body?
Many men are interested in what affects the level of testosterone in men. This hormone:
- contributes to the correct development of the genitals in young men during puberty;
- responsible for sperm production and sperm vitality;
- forms masculine qualities in character and behavior;
- participates in metabolic processes;
- increases libido;
- promotes muscle growth;
- prevents the accumulation of body fat.
The amount of testosterone in men is the norm table
|Age years||Norm, nmol / l|
These are generally accepted standard indicators that indicate what the norm of testosterone in men should be, and in which a deviation in one direction or another is already considered a pathology. So an excess of 10% negatively affects a man. He becomes aggressive, quick-tempered. Such people have a tendency to violence, excitability, unhealthy excitement.
- bound androgen, occupying about 98% of the total;
- free testosterone, which is active and is responsible for the proper functioning of the male body.
Free androgen deficiency leads to:
- impaired lipid metabolism (obesity);
- mental disorders, depression;
- problems with the heart system;
- decrease in bone and muscle mass.
The average norm of free testosterone in men
|Age years||Norm ng / dl|
- the highest content of sex hormones occurs in adolescence;
- the norm of testosterone in men at age 20 and up to 30 is average;
- after 40 years, free testosterone drops steadily;
- the norm of testosterone in men at the age of 50 and later approaches the lower limit;
- in men who have crossed the 60-year milestone, the amount of free testosterone is only one fifth of the lower indicator.
If the rate is low
How to check the level of testosterone in men, because the fact that some kind of malfunction occurs in the body, people only think if the manifestations of the pathologists begin to interfere with normal life, cause pain and other unpleasant symptoms. Low testosterone in men has the following symptoms:
- the voice mutates, becomes a higher and louder timbre;
- there is no hair on the body and face (excluding the scalp, which indicates an increased content of testosterone);
- body fat is formed according to the female type (fat chips on the stomach, chest and hips);
- there is depression, irritability, insomnia;
- memory and mental activity deteriorate;
- increased frequency of urination;
- erectile function suffers, erection becomes lethargic and short-lived;
- sperm production is reduced;
- possibly an increase in cholesterol and a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood;
- the skin loses elasticity, becomes flabby and wrinkled;
- Physical endurance decreases markedly;
- testicles are reduced;
- hot flashes are observed, sweating intensifies.
If the norm of testosterone in men at 60 does not reach the standard values, then building up muscle or losing excess weight for such a patient will be problematic. First you need to solve the problem with the hormonal background, and then proceed to improve the appearance.
Low testosterone in men leads to the development of diseases such as:
- atherosclerosis of blood vessels;
- prostate cancer;
- ischemia, stroke.
You should seriously think about how to increase the level of testosterone in men, if the attraction to the opposite sex disappears, the quality of the erection worsens, the person quickly gets tired, feels causeless irritability and nervousness, notices that after lunch he wants to sleep.
Not always a high norm of testosterone levels in men indicates the presence of pathology. In some patients, androgen levels rise without any abnormalities during early puberty. The causes of the pathological condition lie in:
- congenital adrenal cortical dysfunction;
- pituitary adenoma;
- prostate and testicular cancer;
- excessive use of anabolics to build muscle.
In boys, the increased content of androgen is manifested by premature puberty, pollutions, brittle voice, rapid growth of the penis. In severe cases with congenital dysfunction of the adrenal glands, 2-3 year old babies show increased growth of pubic hair, legs, face and chest, involuntary erection, rapid muscle development.
Excessive testosterone levels in adult men manifest in character. Such people suffer from mood swings, impulsivity, emotionality.
They are physically very hardy, prone to increased sexual activity, relaxed in relationships with women due to a long erection.
They have developed muscles, no excess body fat, increased hairiness of the limbs and chest, although a bald spot is most often formed on the head.
What determines the testosterone norm
It is proved that the norm of testosterone in men at the age of 30 is a certain limit, reaching its maximum values, after which it invariably begins to decrease. It is inherent in nature. But other factors can accelerate the drop in androgen in the blood:
- chronic lack of sleep;
- physical inactivity;
- life is under stress. Adrenaline produced in a stressful situation lowers testosterone levels in men;
- irregular sex, promiscuous sexual intercourse. The hormone is produced less if a man abstains from sex for a long time, regardless of the reasons that push him to do so;
- unbalanced diet. This is one of the main reasons why normal testosterone levels in men drop;
- bad habits: alcohol, smoking, abuse of caffeine-containing drinks inhibits the production of sex hormone;
- genital injuries.
All these factors affect the decrease in testosterone levels in men at any age. When problems with the hormonal background begin, the andrologist recommends that you first eliminate household troubles, and then start treatment if necessary.
In addition to the age indicator of androgen, there are daily indicators that constantly fluctuate. In the morning, men usually have high levels of testosterone, and by the evening it drops. And there is also a seasonal indicator when the maximum level is reached at the end of summer, and the minimum is recorded in February - March.
It has been observed that sunlight increases testosterone production, and its lack inhibits hormone production. In addition, there are drugs that lower the testosterone rate in men aged 40 and younger:
- grassy erection enhancers, taken excessively and uncontrollably;
- potent painkillers that affect the hypothalamus, inhibiting its activity (Codeine or Morphine);
- some antidepressants, tranquilizers, antipsychotropic drugs of the old generation.
A lower blood testosterone norm in men can be a sign of serious pathologies:
- hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction. These organs control the androgen synthesis in the testes. If some kind of disturbance occurs in them, then this affects the function of the testicles and contributes to testosterone deficiency. The disorder can cause both physiological factors (chronic fatigue) and pituitary disease;
- testicular dysfunction. Usually manifested as a result of various injuries or their complete removal. Inflammatory diseases suffered in childhood and adolescence also adversely affect the production of androgen;
- male menopause, the pi of which naturally lowers testosterone in men after 35 years;
- Down syndrome, Kalman or Klinefelter disease adversely affect the production of testosterone. With such serious diseases, puberty of young men is severely impaired, and the content of sex hormone remains low.
What kind of examination you need to pass
If there are symptoms of a low testosterone level in a man, the patient is sent for blood from a vein to determine the amount of androgen. An analysis of the level of testosterone in men is given in the morning. In order for the verdict to be correct and error-free, on the eve of going to the laboratory, you should:
- do not eat 8 hours before blood sampling;
- a day before the analysis, do not engage in sports and do not overload the body with physical work;
- abstain from smoking for 8 hours.
If you follow all the recommendations, then the analysis will show a true result. Having received the answer, the doctor can refer the patient for further diagnosis:
- Ultrasound of the testicles and internal organs;
- MRI of the head, pituitary and adrenal glands;
- blood test for sugar and cholesterol.
Non-drug increase in androgen
If the condition is not critical, then you can naturally increase testosterone levels in men. Enough:
- abandon addictions (if this is impossible to do, then try not to abuse them);
- eat properly and fully, including protein foods, minerals, complex carbohydrates and vitamins in the daily diet;
- do sport. It is not necessary to register in the gym. You can perform exercises at home, jogging, pulling up, lifting dumbbells or barbell;
- sleep the amount of time necessary for the body;
- Avoid stress and communication with unpleasant people.
Most men can not, and sometimes they are too lazy to change their lifestyle, so the result of home androgen enhancement is low. For such patients, there are many drugs that supply the body with the necessary amount of testosterone and stimulate its production. The most effective drugs to increase testosterone in men:
- Nebido is an intramuscular injection of androgen, which is prescribed for patients suffering from hypogonadism. They are well tolerated by patients and gently increase testosterone without provoking hormonal “swings”.
- Omnadren is an injectable drug that binds and stimulates testosterone cell receptors. A potent drug that is used extremely carefully and under the supervision of specialists.
- Androgel in the form of a gel, is used as replacement therapy for a lack of endogenous testosterone. After discontinuation of the drug, testosterone returns to primary values within 3-4 days.
- Andriol in capsules, replenishing testosterone deficiency and regulating metabolic processes in the body. Recommended with fatty foods.
- Sustanon 250 in the form of injections, which contributes to the rapid build-up of muscle mass, an increase in appetite, and an increase in the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
Important! You can’t prescribe yourself such medicines on your own.
Only a doctor selects drugs that increase testosterone levels in men, starting from individual characteristics and other factors (chronic diseases, weight, test results, etc.).
The specialist determines the dosage and course of treatment, which must be strictly adhered to. In this case, it is necessary to systematically control the hormone so that its content does not exceed the permissible limits. The upper threshold is 25 nmol / L, and the lower is 12.
The table of testosterone norms in men by age with replacement therapy looks like this:
|Age years||Norm, nmol / l|
In addition to hormonal drugs, there are supplements that stimulate the production of androgen in the body:
- Vitrix, a plant-based supplement that raises the level of androgen in the blood, improves potency without serious side effects;
- Parity - a complex of natural components that stimulate the production of testosterone in men, improves blood circulation, promotes sexual activity;
- Tribulus is used if the norm of testosterone in men aged 50 years and older does not reach optimal values;
- The animal test contains plant extracts designed to release free testosterone and normalize hormonal levels.
Diet for excess and lack of androgen in the blood
If in adolescence, excess androgen is considered the norm in the absence of pathologies, then the overestimated norm of testosterone in men at 30 years of age requires the attention of specialists.
Androgen antagonists are prescribed only by a doctor after a thorough examination of the patient. Such people are shown a certain diet, including a categorical rejection of:
- meat products;
There are products that significantly lower testosterone:
- beer, which contains natural estrogens that inhibit the synthesis of androgen with regular use;
- any strong alcohol;
- fatty meats that contribute to the transformation of testosterone into the female hormone estrogen;
- products containing soy;
- coffee drinks
- foods with lots of sugar and salt.
Of course, this is not healthy food, so it is recommended to use it in limited quantities so as not to harm other organs and systems. Those who are interested in the question of how to increase testosterone levels in men should categorically refrain from the listed products and replace them:
- red berries;
- citrus fruits.
Norms of testosterone in men vary by age, but if they go beyond acceptable limits, serious problems begin. Therefore, it is necessary to contact specialists and not to postpone the delivery of tests for hormones in a long box. Indeed, not only the sexual life, but also the quality of life as a whole depends on timely treatment.